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Drug and Alcohol Testing
San Jose Chiropractic Center utilizes the Lifeloc Phoenix machine which is the state-of-the-art fuel cell alcohol tester. Calibrated each month, the machine is the most reliable technology available for alcohol testing.
Certified Breath Alcohol Technicians are available at our center for your Blood and Alcohol testing needs. SJCC Director, Dr. Terribilini, is a certified Breath Alcohol Technician trainer with more than 5 years of experience.
Call today to discuss your needs and experience for yourself what other employers are saying about the great service at SJCC.
Workplace drug testing is an essential component of a prevention program
• Serves as a deterrent to continued use of an illicit substance
• Provides a means to detect and, thereby, identify employees or job applicants who are using illicit substances
• Assists employees in recognizing and admitting their abuse problems so that they may obtain necessary treatment
San Jose Chiropractic Center is a certified collection site adhering to the rigorous SAMI training and certification program ensuring that collections at SJCC will be handled quickly, correctly and confidentially.
Facts about alcohol consumption
The legal limit for alcohol in the State of California is a blood alcohol content (BAC)* of 0.08.
* Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream, measured in percentages. For instance, having a BAC of 0.10 percent means that a person has 1 part alcohol per 1,000 parts blood in the body.
Alcohol is a drug that affects the central nervous system. Alcohol does not affect the senses or muscles directly, rather the nervous system is impaired and reaction time and reflexes are slowed as a result. Alcohol stimulates and suppresses certain brain functions and can act as a mild tranquilizer in small doses. Alcohol is a depressant that can produce such feelings as euphoria, and relaxation for short periods of time; however, with continued consumption; these feelings will give way to intoxication. Some common affects of intoxication are: slurred speech, glassy eyes, lowered inhibition, unsteady walk, slowed reflexes etc. Alcohol is a vasodilator (it causes blood vessels to relax and widen), but at even higher levels, it becomes a vasoconstrictor, shrinking the vessels and increasing blood pressure, exacerbating such conditions as migraine headaches and dehydration. In large doses, Alcohol can act as a general anesthetic and possibly lead to death by inhibiting involuntary bodily functions such as breathing.
There are several types of alcohol including Isopropyl, Methanol, and Ethanol (or Ethyl Alcohol). Ethanol is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol is greatly diluted by bodily fluids. If a subject weighing 150 lbs. consumes one drink (1.25 oz. of 80 proof liquor, 12 oz. of beer, or 5 oz. of table wine) the body would dilute the alcohol to a blood alcohol content level of around 0.02%. Whereas a subject weighing less, with roughly half the water weight, consuming the same amount, in the same amount of time, would produce a BAC level of around 0.04%.
When an alcohol is consumed it first passes down the esophagus through the stomach and into the small intestine. A small amount of alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream through the mucous membrane; however, the majority of alcohol enters the bloodstream through the walls of the small intestine. After absorption, and until all the alcohol consumed has been metabolized, it is distributed fairly evenly throughout the body, affecting the brain and other tissues.
Alcohol affects individuals differently. Age, gender, physical condition, amount of food consumed and any drugs or medication may affect a subject's blood alcohol level. In addition, different drinks may contain different amounts of alcohol, so it's important to know how much and the concentration of alcohol you consume.
Food: A number of factors influence the absorption process, including the presence of food and the type of food in the gastrointestinal tract when alcohol is consumed. The higher the dietary fat content, the longer the process of absorption will take.
Gender: Generally women tend to have a higher percentage of body fat, and thus a lower percentage of body water, so if a man and a woman of the same weight ingest the same amount of alcohol the woman will tend to achieve a higher alcohol concentration. This, of course, would not be true if the woman was very fit and the man was somewhat obese, but on average, this is the case. The differences in alcohol concentration due to average body composition differences based on gender would be between 16% and 10% depending on age.
Weight: In general, the less a subject weighs, the more they will be affected by a given amount of alcohol. Alcohol has a high affinity for water and a person's blood alcohol concentration is a function of the total amount of alcohol in their system divided by total body water. In two individuals with similar body compositions and different weights, the larger individual will achieve lower alcohol concentrations than the smaller one if ingesting the same amount of alcohol.
In addition, several other factors such as age, mood, and amount of sleep can have varying effects as well. Thus, alcohol can have different effects on the same person from day-to-day, dependant upon such factors.
The liver can metabolize only a certain amount of alcohol per hour, regardless of the amount that has been consumed. The rate of alcohol metabolism depends, in part, on the amount of metabolizing enzymes in the liver, which varies among individuals. In general, after the consumption of one drink, the amount of alcohol in the subject's blood peaks within 30 to 45 minutes. Alcohol is metabolized more slowly than it is absorbed. If the amount of alcohol consumed is not great, the metabolism of the alcohol can keep up with the rate that the alcohol that is entering the bloodstream and the alcohol concentration will not increase. If however, the alcohol intake is greater than the rate at which the subject is able to metabolize it, the BAC of that individual will increase.
Commonly Used Terms
49 CFR Part 40 - Code of Federal Regulation, commonly referred to as DOT regulation, that mandates and regulates Workplace alcohol testing in DOT-regulated industries, generally related to transportation
B.A.T - "Breath Alcohol Technician" - One trained and certified to conduct Evidential Workplace alcohol tests per DOT regulations and Manufacturers' equipment operator guidelines
BAC - BrAC - Blood Alcohol Content - Breath Alcohol Content. U.S.A. use. Terms have become generally interchangeable in daily use
BAC ~ BrAC - Grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath. 0.1 BAC = 0.1 grams of alcohol in 210 liters of breath. Equivalent to 0.1 parts of alcohol per 1,000 parts of blood
C.P.L - "Conforming Products List" (Devices tested and listed by the DOT)
D.E.R. - Designated Employer Representative
DOT - U. S. Department of Transportation, a part of NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)
DUI or DWI - Driving Under the Influence (or) Driving While Intoxicated
EBT - Common acronym for "Evidential Breath Tester"
PBT - Common acronym for "Portable Breath Tester"
Q.A.P. - Quality Assurance Plan. A NHTSA-approved plan from the EBT manufacturer, which is mandated by federal DOT regulations. The QAP specifies the inspection, maintenance, and calibration requirements and intervals for the equipment, taking into account numerous factors. It requires users of EBT's to ensure that inspection, maintenance and calibration of their equipment is performed by the manufacturer or by individuals certified by the manufacturer or by a state agency. Lifeloc meets this government requirement by providing and requiring certification through a nationwide training network of instructors
Response time - The time necessary for an instrument to register a result after a breath sample
Recovery time - After a breath sample has been taken, the time necessary for an instrument to reset and be ready for the next test
Screening Test - An initial test taken for the presence of or the presence and level of alcohol. Results are typically not used in courts. Sometimes referred to in informal discourse as "probable cause"
Evidential Test - A test taken following strict procedures and using certified equipment that may in certain circumstances be used for disciplinary action and/or in court
Calibration - To set the measurement of a Breath Testing Device to an established standard
Calibration Check - To check and verify the accuracy of the instrument calibration. Also known as "External
Calibration Check", "Accuracy Check", or "Verification"
Wet Bath - Liquid Bath method of providing an alcohol standard for either the calibration of an instrument or for a calibration check
Dry Gas - Compressed Gas Bottle method of providing an alcohol standard for calibration or calibration check
Mouthpiece - Plastic tube attached to a breath testing device for tested subject to exhale into - 1 used for each test for sanitary reasons. Also known as "straw", "stick", "tube", "blow tube", "blow stick", or "breath tube"
Automatic Test - The unit automatically takes the sample at the proper time while the subject is blowing, using a mouthpiece. In a properly calibrated fuel cell unit, these tests are quantitatively accurate to specifications
Manual Test - The operator manually triggers when the sample is taken using a mouthpiece. In a properly calibrated fuel cell unit, these tests are quantitatively accurate to specifications
Passive Test - No mouthpiece is used. While the subject simply blows toward the unit, the operator manually triggers when the sample is taken
Residual Mouth Alcohol - Alcohol retained in the mouth for a short period of time following consumption of an alcohol-containing beverage or other substance. Certain products other than beverages contain alcohol, i.e: some mouthwashes, breath freshener sprays, and cough syrups. These substances can cause inaccurate test results. However, by waiting 15 minutes before performing a breath test, mouth alcohol dissipates from the subject's breath
Semi-Conductor Device - Less expensive device using a semi-conductor gas sensor, sometimes referred to as a Taguchi cell
Fuel Cell Device - Compact and highly accurate PBT's widely used in Law Enforcement, evidential Workplace testing, Corrections, and other professional applications. Alcohol-specific
Infra-Red Device - Larger, more expensive, non-portable table-top EBTs generally used at police stations to test DUI suspects. Highly accurate. Alcohol-specific
Zero Tolerance - Term used to indicate that any level of alcohol is significant (or any level above a specified threshold)
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Commercial Driver Medical Info
Commercial Driver Medical Examination, DL-51 and DOT Examination all refer to the medical evaluation that is required to operate commercial vehicles in the United States.
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